요즘 같은 글로벌 시대에 대두되는 문제점 중 하나는 바로 남용되는 외국어와 외래어입니다. 우리말이 있는 단어도 외국어로 먼저 표현하면서 불필요한 외국어와 외래어 남용이 증가하고 있는데요, 외국의 영향을 많이 받은 베트남에서도 이러한 문제점이 최근 대두되고 있다고 합니다. 이에 따라 한샘글로벌 베트남법인에서 베트남어 고유의 아름다움을 지키기 위해 스스로 외국어 남용을 지양하고 외래어도 베트남어로 순화하자는 메시지의 영문 블로그 글을 작성하였다고 하여 소개합니다.
Language plays a critical role in defining a nation’s cultural identity in today’s interconnected world. Despite this, many Vietnamese people have become increasingly reliant on using loanwords from foreign languages, causing their national language to decline. As a result, even advanced translation tools like Google Translate may struggle to understand the daily conversations of some Vietnamese people. Meanwhile, native English speakers may be surprised at their ability to comprehend half of the language used. The global Vietnamese community must recognize the value of preserving their linguistic heritage and takes steps to preserve it for future generations.
1. A glimpse of Vietnamese:
As the first language of more than 80 million King people in Vietnam, Vietnamese belongs to the Viet-Muong branch from the Mon-Khmer group of the Austroasiatic language family.
It is one of a few languages from Asia that uses Latin script as its writing system rather than other symbols.
Research from Université de Lyon has found that Vietnamese has the highest information intensity index among widely spoken languages, allowing for more information to be conveyed with the same number of words and syllables. Additionally, the language is unique in its tonal system, with each of the six tones used to convey a different meaning for the same word. For example, the word “ma” can mean “ghost,” “má” can mean “mother,” and so on. Despite this complexity, the Vietnamese language is rich and beautiful, making it a fascinating subject for linguists and language enthusiasts.
However, the purity of this language is being threatened by its native speakers, who often use excessive borrowing of vocabulary from other languages. This trend endangers the language’s linguistic heritage and cultural identity. Therefore, it is essential to use borrowed words with consideration and moderation to preserve the integrity and richness of this beautiful language.
2. A few factors that are affecting the purity of modern Vietnamese:
- Inappropriate collocation and word choice are imposed on daily conversations.
Unfortunately, inappropriate collocation and word choice have become increasingly common in daily conversations in Vietnam. In particular, some speakers have begun using the phrase “ổn áp,” meaning “voltage regulation,” when they mean to say “it’s fine” or “it’s okay.” This example is a misuse of the language and can contribute to misunderstandings in communication. The correct word for this context is “ổn,” which carries the intended meaning without the additional technical connotation. The overuse of “ổn áp” is not only inaccurate, but it also detracts from the beauty and richness of the Vietnamese language.
- The invasion of exotic vocabulary and foreign words is abusing the Vietnamese language.
The Vietnamese language is under attack by the influx of exotic vocabulary and foreign words. With its rich history, including a thousand years as a colony of China and 100 years under French and American control, the Vietnamese language is a melting pot of cultural influences. Currently, borrowed words comprise 28% of the modern Vietnamese lexicon, with 25.3% coming from Chinese, 1.2% from French, 0.3% from English, and 12% from other languages. However, in recent years, the English language has become increasingly prominent, with more and more Vietnamese speakers opting to use English words instead of their native language. This trend is particularly evident among the younger generation, who may use phrases such as “một khoảng time” instead of the more accurate “một khoảng thời gian.” This overreliance on English words is damaging the purity of the Vietnamese language and threatens to dilute its cultural heritage.
- The Younger generation is “styling” their informal writing pieces using unofficial or incorrect grammar rules.
The younger generation adopts informal and often incorrect grammar in their written communication. To appear trendy, some young Vietnamese individuals are deliberately misspelling words and creating new spellings that deviate from the proper grammar rules. This phenomenon, known as “teencode,” is becoming increasingly popular among the younger generation. For example, “Tuesday” and “the third one” are both translated as “thứ ba”. To clarify, in the context mentioned, “Tuesday” is used negatively to refer to someone late in a romantic relationship. This trend towards informal and incorrect language usage in written communications among the younger generation can be potentially detrimental to the preservation of proper usage of the Vietnamese language.
This teen-like writing style initially appears witty and trendy, but continued exposure to and use of teencode may cause formal writing skills to decline, even if it may worsen generational miscommunication.
3. To preserve the purity of Vietnamese:
Purity means that there should be no impurity, and vocabulary borrowing should be made with consideration and moderation.
- Pure Vietnamese vocabulary is supposed to be applied as long as the meaning does not change.
Using pure Vietnamese vocabulary is recommended as long as the meaning remains unchanged. In a headline from a Vietnamese newspaper, the use of “hỏa xa”, a Sino-Vietnamese term, instead of “xe lửa”, a pure Vietnamese word, has sparked controversy. The preference should be given to Vietnamese-derived words over foreign language loanwords unless there is no suitable Vietnamese equivalent. The slogan “Vietnamese people use Vietnamese goods” promoted by the Vietnam Ministry of Industry and Trade should also be embraced in the language usage.
- The correct language style guide, spelling, and collocation should be maintained under all circumstances.
Exposure to “teencode” for a period of time may form a habit of unintentionally misspelling words that could direct our writing in formal contexts. The “teencode” users will look unprofessional in business communications, and the misspelling can cause misunderstandings among unfamiliar speakers.
In addition, these codes take non-teen code users more time to research and interpret them to a standard style language. If time is gold, this trendy style can cost us tons of it.
Although it is OK to have cute typos during informal conversations, sustainable correct spelling and style guides can help ensure effective communication no matter our context.
- Reading more Vietnamese literature works is recommended to enlarge our vocabulary.
What phrase would describe the disparity between art and reality in this picture?
Nam Cao, a renowned Vietnamese writer, offered an insightful perspective on art. He stated that art should not be deceptive, nor should it aim to deceive; in his words: “Art does not need to be and should not be the deceiving moonlight.” This quote, “Nghệ thuật không cần phải là ánh trăng lừa dối, nghệ thuật không nên là ánh trăng lừa dối” in Vietnamese, highlights the importance of authenticity in art.
“Deceiving moonlight” is a term that has been added to the Vietnamese lexicon to describe the creation of a positive illusion to cover negative aspects, inspired by the idea that moonlight is beautiful but unattainable. This phrase is a prime example of preserving the purity of the Vietnamese language and avoiding the overuse of foreign words. Reading more Vietnamese literature can enlarge their vocabulary and teach them how to use such pure and meaningful expressions correctly.
Expanding our vocabulary is crucial to properly using pure Vietnamese and reducing dependence on foreign words. By reading, we can gain exposure to new words, their meanings, and usage from native speakers. This habit helps us to improve our understanding and ability to use the language.
For example, “Chiếc ví mới của tôi chính là ánh trăng lừa dối” (loosely translated: “My brand new wallet is nothing but deceiving moonlight”) is a phrase that perfectly encapsulates the idea of something appearing attractive on the surface but being deceptive.
What a valuable and easy-to-apply phrase.
Language is a fascinating aspect of human culture and history. It’s a communication tool and a window into a nation’s heritage and identity. By preserving the integrity of the mother tongue, we are preserving a rich cultural legacy that stretches back through time. We are showcasing our appreciation for our roots and honoring our ancient and modern traditions.
And that’s what makes exploring and learning new languages so exciting and fulfilling. You not only gain a new way of communicating, but you also gain a deeper understanding of the world and the people in it. Whether it’s Vietnamese, French or any other language, every word we learn is a step closer to bridging the gap between cultures and creating a more interconnected world.
So, if you’re passionate about language and want to keep exploring, follow Hansem Vietnam’s blog. We will continue bringing you the latest news, insights, and tips on Vietnamese and other languages, so you can keep your linguistic skills sharp and cultural knowledge up-to-date.